The Advantages of Applying Hydroquinone Gel for Skin

Skin is your asset. By having clean and bright skin you will be more confident. The problem is that sometimes you have to face several skin problems which disturb the health of your skin. For example, you can’t doubt about aging. Moreover, you also have to face the risk of acne, skin scars, dark skin, and any kind of skin problems which reduce your confident. This kind of problem can be solved by taking care of your precious skin.

One way to take care of your skin is by using hydroquinone gel. The function of this skin gel is not only to keep your skin health. More than that, this product can also make your skin brighter than before. You can also feel several positive impacts after applying hydroquinone gel based on the instruction. For example, you can say goodbye to the wrinkles around your skin face.  Furthermore, this gel can also reduce skin problems related to mottled hyperpigmentation and skin roughness. By using this gel regularly and based on the instruction, your skin can restore its collagen so your skin looks brighter, clean, and healthier than before. This is also because the blood flow to your skin runs well after taking this gel treatment. Commonly, the name of this product is hydroquinone gel 2%. The price is various but you can just buy it for about $78.00 if you buy it online.

Just apply the gel gently around your skin face. Don’t forget to combine it with smooth massage and feel the comfortableness around your skin face. After a few minutes, you can just clean your skin face with water and dry it. With this simple treatment, you don’t need about skin aging problem. Your skin looks young and it doesn’t care how old you are. It is good to apply this gel up to 2 or 3 month. During the program with this gel, you can remove skin problems such as age spots, liver spots, freckles, hyperpigmentation, and many more. If is also good to consult with your dermatologist first to make sure that you will get maximal result.

Bleaching Cream for Black Skin

Which is the best bleaching cream for black skin? Without being partial, it’s a fact that fair skin complexion is something that many wouldn’t mind possessing. It is the reason why there are so many skin whitening and skin bleaching products available in the market. Skin lightening or skin bleaching methods are used for lightening one’s complexion in order to make the skin fairer. Hence, using bleaching cream for dark skin and olive skin is a common practice nowadays. Looking at the distant goal to enhance one’s skin tone, people blindly follow a trend without even considering the effects of such cosmetics and skin care products. It is the reason why I am here to let you know about some of the useful skin bleaching creams and a few tips on choosing the best skin whitening creams.

Choosing the Best Bleaching Cream

At first, understand the fact that a black or olive skin tone is as stunning or even more, than a fair skin tone. Hence, use skin creams only when you want to improve your skin’s texture. However, if you are too determined to use them, then make sure that the creams you’re using are made from a combination of healthy and herbal skin whitening products. As we all know, melanin is the name of the skin pigmentation that decides the darkness of your skin color. Skin bleaching cream targets melanin production and provides a fairly lighter skin tone. It is also important to run a thorough search on skin bleaching cream ingredients such as hydroquinone (should not be more than 2%), in order to check their side effects on your skin. Consult a friend who has tried any of these products with success and then give it a trial run for a week or so to see if it’s working for you, and then decide your next course of action.

There are plenty of black skin bleaching products that you can try in order to lighten your skin tone. People with naturally black skin as well as accident victims and people with acne scars, burns and cuts, can also try these skin creams after proper consultation with a dermatologist. The current obsession seems to be glutathione creams for skin whitening, however, there is not much evidence regarding the effectiveness of this product. Here are some of the best lightening and bleaching creams for black skin.

Ambi Fade Cream
This cream is found to be effective in lightening dark spots and for providing an even skin tone throughout the body. Some of the prime ingredients of this skin whitening cream include vitamin E, hydroquinone and alpha hydroxy acids. Children under 12 years of age are restricted from using such bleaching creams for black skin.

Palmers Skin Success Eventone Fade Milk
This cream comes with vitamin E, hydroquinone and alpha hydroxy acid which makes it is a good bleaching cream for black skin due to sun exposure, dry skin, pregnancy, or any skin trauma. Do not expose children under 12 years of age to this cream.

Markari Skin Care
Makari is known for producing face and body creams that lighten the skin gradually and with little to no side effects. Their creams contain absolutely no bleach or quinone, making it a very safe cosmetic product to use. Their range of skin whitening products for African-Americans are inexpensive but effective to use. They enhance the skin naturally, making the difference more than apparent in just a few week’s time.

Reviva Labs Fade Cream
This is marketed as a day fade cream and is effective in fading dark skin problem areas. This cream consists of Kojic acid, which is a good skin bleaching agent. This is one of the most popular natural skin bleaching creams used for black skin.

The Body Shop Blemish Fade Night Lotion
This skin bleaching/skin lightening cream contains tea tree extract hence, is a herbal skin bleaching cream that is available in the market. It clears and prevents skin blemishes and offers a lighter skin tone with a clearer complexion.

Meladerm by Civant Skin Care
Meladerm was produced in the quest to creating the company’s most powerful skin lightening cream. They succeeded at it, which makes this cream effective as well as safe for normal use because most of its ingredients are natural extracts such as mulberry, licorice and bearberry. This product contains absolutely no hydroquinone or for that matter any bleaching ingredient, however, we felt it worth mentioning here because it is supposed to be just that effective and at the same time harmless.

Remember not to expose children under 12 years of age to any sort of bleaching cream, because these creams may contain some ingredients that may be harmful to a child’s skin. A few other brands of bleaching creams for black skin include Nandinola skin discoloration fade cream, Esoterica daytime fade cream, and clear essence advance complex fade gel. Skin bleaching creams for black skin need to be applied as per the directions. You also need to avoid and reduce sun exposure for better and long-lasting results of such products. Lastly, for your information, melanin is the pigment that protects your skin from potentially harmful ultra violet rays of the sun. Since the skin bleaching creams target melanin production, they can cause skin disorders like skin cancer or other harmful side effects in the long run.

You can choose to make your own skin whitening home remedies, or opt for some natural skin lightener products to be on the safer side. This was all that I had to tell you about skin bleaching cream. As I mentioned above, you always need to consult a dermatologist prior to using such skin care products, this is the best measure that you can take to stay healthy and beautiful!

Best Skin Whitening Creams for Asians

The Asian skin type is different, and for years together, has been viewed as a symbol of innocence, femininity and youthfulness. Perhaps that is why most of the major cosmetic companies hire Asian models to endorse their brands. But the other side of the story being, the Asian skin is more prone to having dark spots, loss of firmness, discoloration, and wrinkles at a very early age, say around 30 – 35. Hence, most of the Asian women seem to be obsessed with following a beauty regime, indulge in a good amount of skin care, and use various skin brightening creams, to have that lighter, flawless skin.

Although most whitening creams are safe and effective in retarding the melanin production to give you a lighter skin tone, one has to be very careful in selecting the best brightening skin for your skin type to have the desired results. One must check the ingredients in every product and ensure that they will not cause you any kind of allergy or irritation. Even though hydroquinone, alpha hydoxy acids (AHAs), and mercury are effective in skin brightening, the prolonged use of the same can cause serious damage, hence avoid the particular ingredient. Listed below are a few of the best skin whitening creams for Asians, that are hydroquinone free and have proven to be very effective to lighten skin tones.

Best Skin Whitening Creams for Asian Skin Type

– Shiseido White Lucent: Shiseido works best for Asian skin, to create a radiant glow. It contains tranexamic acid, super hydro synergy complex, erythriol and apricots extracts that reduce the dark spots and prevent them from further recurrence, leaving your skin soft, smooth and fairer than before.
– Makari Caviar: Since Asian skin has the tendency to have dark spots (that is hyper-pigmentation) earlier than other skin type, Makari with glycerin in it is a great moisturizer, and has rejuvenating characteristics that leaves your skin visibly lighter and firmer. This product is loaded with vitamins, minerals and proteins, that assure lighter skin and slows down the aging process. It is normally recommended for dry skin types.
– SK-ll Whitening Cream: SK-ll promises a healthy looking glow and reduces the dark spots that obviously contrast the natural skin color. The ingredients in this product interfere with melanin and minimizes its production, giving you an improvement in the overall skin appearance. Although it is a little costlier as compared to the other products mentioned here, but it is sure not to disappoint you in having that fair skin tone.
– Reviva Skin Lightening Cream: An advanced formulation that speeds up the results of skin lightening. It contains orient lime and mulberry extracts that suppress the melanin production, eventually giving you that light and healthy glow. The licorice and kojic acid penetrates the skin’s epidermis and improves the skin texture and its overall appearance. It has proven to be effective in brightening Asian skin, though it is suitable for all types of skin.
– Barielle: Barielle is a safe and effective cream for all skin types, that helps in skin brightening . It is enriched with oils and multi-fruit complex that nourishes your skin along with leaving it lighter, softer and smoother. Key ingredients like kojic acid, glycerin, and titanium dioxide, treat the discoloration and dark spots of your skin.

Beauty comes from within! An eight hours of shut eyes, a good exercise regime, and a well-balanced diet, are the basics of beautiful skin. Using a whitening cream to lighten your skin tone will only enhance your beauty further, with a strong foundation you have created, with the basics.

Skin Bleaching Methods

Age spots, scars, and discoloration to name a few are some common skin problems that affect people worldwide. A popular cosmetic method used to manage such problems is skin bleaching, also known as skin whitening. The same is also widely used by people who wish to get a lighter skin tone.

Medicines for Skin Bleaching

Most topical creams formulated for lightening skin contains an agent known as hydroquinone. This agent interferes with the production of melanin and this helps make the skin lighter. Over the counter, topical creams having 2% hydroquinone are available. 4% of the same can also be obtained but only with a doctor’s prescription.

Precautions:
☛ Hydroquinone may trigger allergic reactions. So discuss any medicines you may be allergic to with your doctor.
☛ Hydroquinone may not be suitable for skin that is broken, sunburned, chapped or irritated.
☛ Hydroquinone cream is meant to be applied only on the skin, and may be harmful if it goes in your eyes, nose or mouth. If it does, then rinse these parts thoroughly with water.
☛ Hydroquinone may risk sunburn. So, to protect the treated areas, use sunscreens or wear protective clothing.

Common Side Effects of Hydroquinone:
» Redness in the treated area.
» Mild irritation.
» Burning or stinging sensation.
» Skin dryness.
» Allergic reaction which includes hives, breathing difficulty, swollen tongue, lips or throat.

Going All Natural

Many home treatment measures are available which may help lighten the skin without causing any undesirable side effects. Here are some you may like to try:

☛ Bleach your skin with a mix of sandalwood powder, lemon juice, tomato juice, and cucumber juice (all in equal parts).

☛ Soak some almonds in water overnight. Peel them the next morning and make a paste. Mix this paste with honey and your skin bleach is ready.

☛ Make a mix of cucumber juice (2 tbsp.), glycerin (½ tsp.), rose water (½ tsp.), and lemon juice (1 tbsp.). Mix them and work the paste on the desired areas of the body.

☛ A mix of gram flour (2 tbsp.) and a small amount of turmeric, lemon juice and milk, works as a skin bleach and as a natural hair remover too.

☛ Another quick skin bleaching method is to blend equal parts of coconut oil and pineapple juice, and apply on the skin.

☛ Turmeric has been an effective skin bleaching recipe for Indian women since ages. Make a thick paste using turmeric powder (1 tsp.) and fresh lemon juice (3 tbsp.). Apply it on the desired areas of the body, and give it a wait for about 15 minutes. Rinse with warm water, and pat dry the skin. Apply a moisturizer on the treated area.

☛ Prepare a face mask using flour (4 tbsp.) and milk (2-3 tbsp.). Add more milk if the mix is too thick or chunky. Clean the area of the skin you intend to bleach. Apply the mixture on the skin, and leave it to dry. Thereafter, wash the area with lukewarm water. Don’t forget to apply a moisturizing cream.

While hydroquinone topical creams and home remedies are mostly used by people when they wish to achieve a lighter skin tone, there are some who also opt for laser surgery or cryosurgery.
Read more at Buzzle: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/skin-bleaching-methods.html

Benefits of Bearberry Extract for Skin

Benefits of bearberry extract for skin

Regarded as a skin-friendly ingredient, bearberry extract is added in a variety of skin care products. Formulated from the leaves of the bearberry plant, the extract is found to be extremely useful in treating skin discoloration. There are different species of bearberry plant, but the one that is used for its skin benefits is known as Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. The extract of this plant is well-known for its skin whitening effect, which can help get rid of hyperpigmentation. Its purported benefits are discussed below.

Natural Skin Lightener
Dealing with hyperpigmented skin is not easy if you are not using the right products. Lightening agents that contain natural ingredients like bearberry extract can help get rid of excess pigmentation on the skin that often manifests in the form of dark spots.

Arbutin, a glycoside present in bearberry, is a natural skin lightener. It inhibits the production of melanin―the pigment responsible for darkening the skin. Arbutin negates the actions of tyrosinase, the enzyme involved in melanin synthesis, which works to lighten dark areas. In short, the inhibitory effect on tyrosinase induced by bearberry extract, causes reduction of melanin, which works in reducing discoloration. No wonder, arbutin due to its ability to suppress tyrosinase, is often added in various facial skin lightening agents.

Freckles that are nothing but clusters of pigmented spots, may also fade away by applying bearberry extract. So hyperpigmentation, be it age-related or resulting from sun damage, is sure to resolve with the regular use of bearberry extract.

Reduces Melasma
Skin conditions, like melasma, that lead to dark brown pigmentation on facial skin may also improve with bearberry extract. People often complain that stubborn pigmentation associated with melasma is not easy to treat, but with daily use of bearberry extract, the problem areas can lighten considerably.

Displays Antioxidant Properties
Bearberry is also high in antioxidants, hence applying its extract can help combat free radical damage. This in turn can help prevent and even treat formation of wrinkles. The antioxidant activity of bearberry extract is found to be higher than reported in other herbal plants such as wild licorice and senega. So, bearberry extract with its anti-aging benefits can contribute in reducing those visible signs of aging.

How to Use Bearberry Extract?
Bearberry extract available in liquid formulation (serum) is highly concentrated, and so, should never be applied directly on the skin. Just mix a small amount of the extract in your everyday cream before application. Place a small amount of cream on your palm and then spike it with a few drops of the extract, before massaging it on the affected area. Usually 5-10 drops of the extract are combined with every ounce of cream. Follow this skin care routine daily, and within a few weeks, you are sure to notice a substantial improvement in your skin tone.

Bearberry extract gel cream that also contains other ingredients like vitamin B3 and goji berry extract, can also help reduce hyperpigmentation, fine lines, and inflammation. When used as directed, they can be helpful in restoring the natural texture of the skin.

On the whole, bearberry extract is an effective skin lightening agent. So, if you feel that your skin has become pretty dull from sun damage, age spots, or conditions like melasma, it’s time you use topical bearberry products to brighten up your skin and enjoy an attractive complexion.

Lighten Skin Tone Naturally

An even, flawless skin is what most women desire, but only a few are lucky enough to have a clear skin tone. Although skin darkening can be caused due to various factors, it is generally a result of melanin buildup in the skin over the years. Usually, most of us end up settling for skin lightening products which contain harsh chemicals that cause further damage to the skin. However, there are some safe and natural ways to lighten your skin tone.
Home Remedies to Lighten Skin
Here are some natural methods to lighten skin tone by using simple ingredients that are available in your pantry and refrigerator.
Potato and Yogurt Pack
One of the best way to lighten a tan is by applying a potato and yogurt mask. Yogurt contains lactic acid and potato contains an enzyme catecholase which has skin lightening properties. To make this mask, grate a potato and add a tablespoon of yogurt to it. Mix well and apply on skin. Wash off with water after 10-15 minutes.
Orange Peel Pack
Dry a few orange peels in the sun. Grind the dried orange peels into a fine powder. Add a teaspoon of turmeric, and a few drops of lemon juice to the powdered orange peel. Apply this pack to your skin. After 10-15 minutes rinse off with lukewarm water.
Almond and Milk Pack
Another great way to lighten the skin is by applying a face pack made with ground almond and milk. To make this face pack, soak a few almonds in water overnight. The next day, grind the soaked almonds into a fine paste, add some honey and milk, and apply it on the skin. When the pack dries, wash it off with water.
Sandalwood and Turmeric Pack
Prepare a homemade skin lightener by mixing a teaspoon of sandalwood powder, a teaspoon of turmeric, and a few drops of rose water. Mix these ingredients into a paste and apply it on the darkened area. After 15- 20 minutes, rinse off with lukewarm water.
Papaya Pack
Take a ripe papaya and mash it with a spoon. Add a tablespoon of honey to the mashed papaya and mix well. Apply this mixture on your skin. After 10-15 minutes, wash the papaya pack off with water. Papaya contains an enzyme papain which effectively sloughs off dead skin cells.
Some Other Tips to Lighten your Skin
The following are some simple, natural ways that you can use to lighten your skin.
» For darkened elbows and knees, prepare a scrub using granulated sugar, a tablespoon of olive oil and a few drops of lemon juice. Use this scrub to exfoliate your elbows and knees.
» Rub your skin with tomato juice everyday. This will help you in getting rid of sun tan and will also tighten the pores of your skin.
» Mix a teaspoon of lemon juice with some yogurt and apply this on your skin. Rinse off with cold water after 10 minutes.
» Prepare a homemade mask by mixing a teaspoon each of tomato juice, lemon juice, chickpea flour and turmeric. Apply this on your skin for 10 minutes. This will not only lighten your skin tone, but it will also cleanse and moisturize the skin.
» Crush some fresh mint leaves and squeeze out its juice. Apply this mint juice on your skin. After 10-15 minutes, wash with water.
Always remember to apply a sunscreen lotion or gel even when you are indoors. Follow a healthy diet and a good skin care regimen to have translucent and even skin, free of dark spots and blemishes.

Skin Whitening Home Remedies

Every woman craves for a beautiful, radiant, and flawless complexion. Skin darkening due to sun exposure and hyperpigmentation, and the development of dark or brown spots are some common skin problems that can make the skin dull and lifeless.
The natural process of aging, and the damage caused by pollution can also make your skin dull. Though the market is flooded with creams, lotions, and bleaches with the promise to lighten your complexion, most of these products are quite expensive and they contain a host of chemicals. Natural skin whitening remedies, on the other hand, are inexpensive, readily available, and free of harmful chemicals. They can lighten and brighten your skin, besides making your skin soft, supple, and younger looking. So, here are some natural remedies that can help you get a beautiful and radiant complexion.
Lemon Juice
Lemons have several benefits for the skin. Lemon juice can lighten the skin by acting as a natural bleaching agent. It also cleanses the skin from impurities. Lemons are abundant in vitamin C that can encourage the growth of new cells, while their antioxidant content can help delay the appearance of the signs of aging.To apply lemon juice on your skin, first squeeze out a lemon, and mix the juice with water or rose water. Now, apply the mixture on your face with the help of a cotton ball. Leave it on for about 10 to 15 minutes, and then rinse it off with lukewarm water.

Tomato Juice
Like lemons, tomatoes have bleaching properties. They are rich in many essential vitamins, including vitamin C. Tomatoes can brighten your skin and absorb excess oil from your face. Cut a thick slice of tomato and rub it gently on your face for 5 minutes. Let the juice stay on your face until it dries out. You can also use a tomato to scrub your face. Just dip a slice of tomato in sugar granules, and rub your face with it.
Yogurt and Orange Peel
This is an excellent homemade face pack for anyone trying to get a fair complexion. To make this face pack, grind some dried orange peels, and add yogurt or milk to it, in order to make a paste. Apply the paste on your face, and leave it for 15 to 20 minutes before rinsing it off with water. This homemade face pack can help lighten your complexion, besides removing blemishes.
Milk, Honey, and Lemon Juice
The lactic acid found in milk is known for its exfoliating properties, while honey is cherished for its moisturizing properties. Lemon juice on the other hand, can brighten your complexion. So, mix a spoon of milk with equal amounts of honey and lemon juice. Apply this mixture on your face and neck, let it stay for about 20 minutes, and then rinse it off with lukewarm water.
Oatmeal, Yogurt, and Tomato
Besides improving the health of your digestive system, oatmeal can help you get smoother and more radiant skin. It soothes and lightens the skin. To use oatmeal for skin whitening, you can mix it with yogurt and tomato juice or pulp. Take 1 teaspoon of each ingredient, and make a paste. Apply the paste on your face, keep it for about half an hour, and then wash your face with lukewarm water. This mask is really effective in removing dead skin cells and sun tan.
Aloe Vera Gel
Aloe vera can help reduce hyperpigmentation. Regular application of aloe vera can make the skin tone even by reducing the appearance of dark patches. It can also accelerate the process of healing by helping rebuild damaged tissues. To obtain the gel, cut off a leaf and remove its outer layers. Now, squeeze out the thick, jelly-like substance, and apply it on the dark areas of your face. Keep it for about 15 to 20 minutes, and then rinse it off with water.
Turmeric and Lemon Juice
To treat skin damage caused by sunburn, use turmeric powder and lemon juice. Both are excellent bleaching agents for the skin that can lighten your complexion. Turmeric can reduce skin pigmentation and dark spots. Mix about 2 teaspoons turmeric powder with lemon juice, and make a fine paste. Apply this paste on your face and keep it for 10 to 15 minutes, before rinsing it off with water.
A Few Other Skin Whitening Remedies

Apart from the remedies mentioned above, you can try the following natural products to improve your skin tone and complexion:

– Mix equal amounts of white vinegar and water to make a solution. Apply it on your skin, and keep it for 5 to 10 minutes before rinsing it off.
– Make a paste by combining sandalwood powder, and lemon and tomato juice. Apply the paste on your face, and allow it to dry out before washing your face with water.
– Place a few slices of raw potato on your face for a few minutes. This remedy can help remove pigmentation and skin blemishes.
– Make a paste by combining finely ground almonds with honey. Apply it on the face and allow it to dry out completely. Then wash it off with clean water. In place of honey, you can also use milk to make the paste.
– Like lemon juice, cucumber juice is also known for its skin lightening properties. You can use both lemon and cucumber juice to lighten your complexion. This remedy is especially beneficial during the summer days, as cucumber juice has a cooling effect and it can soothe the skin.
– Make a paste of turmeric powder and gram flour by adding a few drops of lemon juice or milk cream to it. Apply this paste on your face, especially on the darker areas of your face, and leave it for about 15 to 20 minutes.
– Also known as multani mitti, Fuller’s earth is a type of clay that can cleanse your skin, and improve your skin tone. It can remove excess oil from the skin and reduce sun tan. Mix Fuller’s earth with rose water to make a thick paste, and apply it on your face and neck. For best results, allow the paste to stay for 15 to 20 minutes before washing your face with water.

These natural products or remedies can not only make your skin lighter, but alleviate many other skin problems, including blemishes, pigmentation, sunburn, and dark spots as well. Products like almond oil, honey, and milk can help moisturize the skin, and get rid of some common problems associated with dry skin. If included in the regular skin care regimen, these remedies can improve skin tone and complexion, and make your skin younger looking. Drinking plenty of water can also help, as water is known to remove toxic substances from the body, and hydrate the skin.

Skin Rashes on Hands

Causes and symptoms of skin rashes on hands
There are two types of skin rashes, namely infectious and non-infectious rashes. Most health care professionals are of the opinion that one should not be in a hurry to treat symptoms of rashes like dry skin, itching, etc. immediately. Many times, the body is able to treat rash on its own and one does not have to bother about treating the same. The most commonly observed characteristic of rash is redness, itching and small elevation on the affected area. The appearance of the rash may either be flaky, scaly or bumpy and in some cases, it may also be filled with pus.

Possible Causes

There are numerous causes of skin rashes on different parts of the body. The cause of a skin rash is determined from the characteristics it displays and other symptoms seen along with the rash. Inflammation of the skin is referred to as dermatitis or simply skin rash. The rash on the hand is called skin dermatitis or hand eczema. This condition is usually caused when the person comes in contact with a certain irritant, to which the person is allergic to. The common allergens or irritants are:

– Chemicals present in rubber, elastic or latex products.
– Certain ingredients in soaps, detergents and cosmetics.
– Chemicals, solvents and dyes used in various industries.
– Some metals can also give rise to skin rashes.
– Trees and plants like poison ivy, poison oak, certain kinds of grass, etc.

The rash can by caused as an effect of psoriasis, shingles (chickenpox causing virus), and insect bites.

Professionals who come in frequent contact with wet or irritating substances, like cleaning fluids, different chemicals and metals or who wash their hands frequently are the ones who suffer from this condition often. Certain substances present in these irritants cause the breaking down of the natural barrier of protection, which causes skin rashes.

Symptoms

» Itchy rash ranging from mild to severe in intensity, sometimes shows swelling and blistering, which are the most common symptoms of skin rashes.

» Often, extreme itching causes sores, which then results in bacterial infections.

» If the skin rashes are caused by a fungal infection, itchy blisters along the sides of fingers is a common symptom. Contact dermatitis caused due to irritants or allergens is seen on the top of the hand. The skin on top of the hands appears dry and chapped, especially around the knuckles and on top of fingers.

» When the irritant is a metal, it gives rise to irritation under the ring.

» If the skin rash is caused due to poisonous plants, it causes blistering and weeping of rash.

» Red scaling eruptions seen on the brows, cheeks, forehead, scalp and external ears is a symptom of seborrheic dermatitis.

» After prolonged exposure to certain substance, a person can develop allergy to the said substance, which leads to eruption of rashes.

Treatment Measures

To treat skin rashes on arms and hands, the first step, you should undertake, is to find out what is that which irritates your skin. In other words, find the irritant or allergen. Once you have found the irritant, make sure that you do not come in contact with it. You will have to visit your health care professional to get the right treatment for your skin condition, if you are not able to locate the irritant. More often than not, your physician will prescribe over the counter available topical application ointments. These ointments will help in relieving you of itching and irritation. If the topical application does not help, the physician may have to prescribe antihistamines or oral corticosteroids. If the skin rash is caused by bacteria, you will have to undergo a dose of antibiotics.

It is advisable not to scratch or scrub your skin, when there is an eruption on the hands. If at all you do scratch the affected part, wash your hands immediately, so that the rash does not spread to other parts of the body. Use gentle cleansers instead of soaps to wash your hands. Do not use cosmetics directly on the skin rash. In case you are using a new cosmetic, remove it from your daily use, as there are chances of it aggravating the condition. Do not cover the area affected with skin rashes. Leave the area exposed to air as much as possible, and make use calamine to soothe the skin.

Some tips to avoid any such further skin rashes on hands are to avoid the allergens as far as possible. In case you do come in contact with the allergens like poisonous plants, etc. make sure you wash your hands well with soap and water. If you come in frequent contact with water, chemicals, cold or friction, wear the right kind of gloves to protect your hands.

Skin Rashes on Legs

Skin rashes on legs

Majority of skin rashes on legs are nothing but inflammation of the skin. Itchy skin rashes are often annoying, discomforting and at times, even painful. A proper dermatological treatment is required to cure rashes that do not get cured on their own. A good understanding of the symptoms, types of rashes, along with their probable causes will prove to be of great help in their treatment as well as in their prevention. Let’s start with the symptoms.

Symptoms

– Appearance of red little bumps on the skin
– Burning sensation on the affected area
– A small rise in the temperature of the affected skin
– The affected area becomes dry

Different Types of Skin Rashes

❖ Atopic Dermatitis: The common causes of atopic dermatitis are mutation in the filaggrin gene, some sort of defect in the skin cells and immune system, and microbiological infection. Atopic dermatitis is characterized by severe itching and acute flare-ups. In older children, it is found to occur on the feet and ankles while in adults, it is mostly seen behind the knees.

❖ Panniculitis: Panniculitis is a type of disease that involves inflammation of the fatty layer present under the skin. It can be caused by cold temperatures, injury to the skin, and exposure of the skin to certain substances such as corticosteroids, vitamin K and morphine.

❖ Discoid Eczema: The identifying features of discoid eczema are somewhat non-itchy, round, and oval plaques. It is caused by injury to the skin that occurs due to insect bites, thermal burns and surgical wounds. The discoid eczema type skin rash may also be triggered by Staphylococcus aureus infection. It appears as a single lesion in one leg but gradually spreads as multiple lesions to both the legs, and thereafter to the body, trunk and arms.

❖ Capillaritis: The inflammation of the superficial capillaries beneath the skin is known as capillaritis. This type of rash is caused by viral infection, skin hypersensitivity reaction, standing for long periods and skin’s reaction to medicines containing salicylates. Capillaritis appears as non-blanching spots that are brownish in color.

❖ Varicose Eczema: People suffering from varicose veins commonly develop varicose eczema. Such rashes are identified as red, patchy and flaky skin, especially around the ankles. Varicose eczema is a kind of discoid inflammation in which the varicose veins of either or both the legs are affected. The best method of treatment is surgical removal of the defective veins.

❖ Contact Dermatitis: Rashes occurring due to over-exposure of the skin to bathing soaps, topical antibiotics and fragrances is known as contact dermatitis. It can also be triggered by some kind of allergy or by wearing tight socks for a long time. The identifying features are blisters that ooze out pus on itching.

❖ Gravitational Dermatitis: Gravitational dermatitis is a type of skin rash on legs that results due to valvular damage in leg veins, deep venous thrombosis and cellulitis. You will find formation of red blisters that ooze, crust and crack.

❖ Psoriasis: Presence of symmetrical, scaly, red-colored plaques indicate a type of skin rash called psoriasis. It is caused by a defect in the immune system. Under normal conditions, T-lymphocytes (a type of white blood cells) fight against foreign substances such as viruses or bacteria to help in the healing of the wound. However, if it is psoriasis, then the T-lymphocytes act on healthy skin cells as if to fight an infection. Factors that may trigger psoriasis are heavy consumption of alcohol, smoking, stress, and cold weather.

❖ Prurigo Nodularis: The skin rashes that include nodules up to 3 cm in diameter, which are extremely itchy and do not heal fast are known as prurigo nodularis. They mostly occur on the lower regions of the legs. The exact medical reason behind the occurrence of prurigo nodularis is unknown. However, majority of the patients suffering from atopic dermatitis, asthma or hay fever tend to develop such rashes on legs. It generally commences as an insect bite reaction or some other form of dermatitis. It is also associated with some diseases such as anemia, renal failure, HIV infection and gluten enteropathy.

❖ Lichen simplex: It is a skin condition which is commonly found on the neck, shoulder, ankle and lower leg, and can be a result of constant rubbing or scratching. It may be caused due to insect bites, stress or a nervous habit. They can be seen as a group of small itchy bumps. The skin may darken or get paler than the surrounding skin.

❖ Other Common Types

– Prurigo nodularis
– Tinea corporis
– Folliculitis
– Skin cancers
– Pretibial myxoedema
– Vasculitis

Home Remedies for Skin Rashes

– Apply olive oil to the skin rashes to get fast relief.
– Spread cod liver oil mixed with vitamin E supplements on the rashes.
– You can also apply aloe vera gel on the affected skin. It reduces itching to a great extent.
– Cover the affected area with baking powder.
– Keep the legs clean and dry. Use chamomile tea for cleaning the leg skin.
– Add 2-3 cups of uncooked oatmeal to the bathing water. Bathing with this water relieves irritation.

Dry Skin Patches

Treatment for dry skin patches
With the onset of winters, experiencing dry skin is something that is not at all unusual. During winters, the skin loses moisture faster than any other time of the year. However, dry skin patches, or xerosis as it is medically known, can occur in any other season in case of people affected by other related skin conditions. The skin needs adequate moisture to stay smooth and supple. Hence, when sebum levels drop, the skin turns dry, flaky, and sensitive. If you are suffering from dry skin, your skin might feel tight and it can be accompanied by itching and redness.

Healthy skin is very important, as it is the body’s first defense against all infections. Skin that is dry, scaly, or flaky is at a greater risk of being infected with bacteria. This is because, as we scratch dry, itching skin, small microscopic tears develop on the skin, which facilitates the entrance of germs, which in turn leads to an infection. The occurrence of dry patches on skin is not restricted to a specific part of our body. They can appear on any part of the body, and the legs and arms are the most susceptible. Dry skin patches on the neck or face could become a cause of cosmetic concern.

Factors Causing Dryness in the Skin

It is not just environmental conditions that contribute to low sebum secretion. Many skin-related conditions including infections, as well as some diseases like diabetes and hypothyroidism can cause the skin to become dry, flaky, or patchy. Some of the reasons for the appearance of dry patches on the body have been listed below.

Environmental Causes

Seasonal Changes: The low or high levels of moisture in the environment can make the skin feel dry. This is most likely to happen during winters, when there is very little moisture in the air.
Exposure to Sun: Prolonged exposure to the sun can cause extensive damage to the epidermis, which is the outermost layer of the skin. Collagen and elastin fibers in the dermis break down faster, when exposed to the ultraviolet (UV) radiation. This in turn causes many skin problems like dark spots, fine lines, wrinkles, and dry skin.
Artificial Climatic Conditioning: Central heating and air conditioning is another cause for dry skin. Whether heating or cooling, these artificial methods reduce humidity from the room.

Cosmetic Causes

Harsh Toiletries and Detergents: Many soaps, body washes, and detergents make use of chemicals that strip the body of its natural moisture, and do very little in terms of replenishing it. Even harsh shampoos can lead to a dry, itchy scalp. One of the primary reasons for dry skin patches on face is the use of cosmetics that contain harmful chemicals. And as facial skin is more delicate compared to other parts, it gets affected quickly.
Hot Showers: It is very tempting to shower with hot water in the cold winter months. However, you need to remember that taking frequent long baths, with very hot water causes the skin to dry out. Even swimming in chlorinated swimming pools or salty sea water will deplete the skin’s natural moisture.

Medical Conditions

Eczema: A very common skin condition, eczema, also known as seborrheic dermatitis, can also cause dry skin patches. This condition is characterized by scaly, flaky, red patches, cradle cap (dermatitis of the scalp in infants) and also tiny fluid-filled lesions. Its occurrence could be caused due to genetic, hormonal, or environmental factors.
Psoriasis: A chronic, autoimmune disease, psoriasis is caused due to a type of white blood cell called T lymphocyte or T cell that attacks healthy skin cells. Stress, infections, excessive alcohol consumption, and smoking can also trigger it, leading to a severe form of psoriasis. It is characterized by red scaly patches, discoloration of the nails, and skin inflammation.
Hypothyroidism: Hypothyroidism is a thyroid disorder, wherein the body lacks sufficient thyroid hormone, which in turn slows down the body’s metabolism. This condition could cause the skin to become pale and dry.

Dry skin patches can be treated with a variety of drugs. For skin that has gone dry due to environmental reasons, you can use a good quality moisturizer or emollient. You can also add an extra dose of vitamin E through supplements and/or diet. Experts also suggest that taking prolonged bath/shower, and rubbing your body vigorously with soap can wash away the natural moisture of the skin. So make sure you take bath with lukewarm water, and apply moisturizer while your skin is damp. Use mild “fragrance-free” soaps and moisturizers with a thick consistency. Additionally, you can also invest in a humidifier to maintain the ideal level of moisture in your room. If you are suffering from dry skin patches due to medical reasons, it’s best to consult a doctor to determine the proper course of treatment.