Skin Rashes on Hands

Causes and symptoms of skin rashes on hands
There are two types of skin rashes, namely infectious and non-infectious rashes. Most health care professionals are of the opinion that one should not be in a hurry to treat symptoms of rashes like dry skin, itching, etc. immediately. Many times, the body is able to treat rash on its own and one does not have to bother about treating the same. The most commonly observed characteristic of rash is redness, itching and small elevation on the affected area. The appearance of the rash may either be flaky, scaly or bumpy and in some cases, it may also be filled with pus.

Possible Causes

There are numerous causes of skin rashes on different parts of the body. The cause of a skin rash is determined from the characteristics it displays and other symptoms seen along with the rash. Inflammation of the skin is referred to as dermatitis or simply skin rash. The rash on the hand is called skin dermatitis or hand eczema. This condition is usually caused when the person comes in contact with a certain irritant, to which the person is allergic to. The common allergens or irritants are:

– Chemicals present in rubber, elastic or latex products.
– Certain ingredients in soaps, detergents and cosmetics.
– Chemicals, solvents and dyes used in various industries.
– Some metals can also give rise to skin rashes.
– Trees and plants like poison ivy, poison oak, certain kinds of grass, etc.

The rash can by caused as an effect of psoriasis, shingles (chickenpox causing virus), and insect bites.

Professionals who come in frequent contact with wet or irritating substances, like cleaning fluids, different chemicals and metals or who wash their hands frequently are the ones who suffer from this condition often. Certain substances present in these irritants cause the breaking down of the natural barrier of protection, which causes skin rashes.

Symptoms

» Itchy rash ranging from mild to severe in intensity, sometimes shows swelling and blistering, which are the most common symptoms of skin rashes.

» Often, extreme itching causes sores, which then results in bacterial infections.

» If the skin rashes are caused by a fungal infection, itchy blisters along the sides of fingers is a common symptom. Contact dermatitis caused due to irritants or allergens is seen on the top of the hand. The skin on top of the hands appears dry and chapped, especially around the knuckles and on top of fingers.

» When the irritant is a metal, it gives rise to irritation under the ring.

» If the skin rash is caused due to poisonous plants, it causes blistering and weeping of rash.

» Red scaling eruptions seen on the brows, cheeks, forehead, scalp and external ears is a symptom of seborrheic dermatitis.

» After prolonged exposure to certain substance, a person can develop allergy to the said substance, which leads to eruption of rashes.

Treatment Measures

To treat skin rashes on arms and hands, the first step, you should undertake, is to find out what is that which irritates your skin. In other words, find the irritant or allergen. Once you have found the irritant, make sure that you do not come in contact with it. You will have to visit your health care professional to get the right treatment for your skin condition, if you are not able to locate the irritant. More often than not, your physician will prescribe over the counter available topical application ointments. These ointments will help in relieving you of itching and irritation. If the topical application does not help, the physician may have to prescribe antihistamines or oral corticosteroids. If the skin rash is caused by bacteria, you will have to undergo a dose of antibiotics.

It is advisable not to scratch or scrub your skin, when there is an eruption on the hands. If at all you do scratch the affected part, wash your hands immediately, so that the rash does not spread to other parts of the body. Use gentle cleansers instead of soaps to wash your hands. Do not use cosmetics directly on the skin rash. In case you are using a new cosmetic, remove it from your daily use, as there are chances of it aggravating the condition. Do not cover the area affected with skin rashes. Leave the area exposed to air as much as possible, and make use calamine to soothe the skin.

Some tips to avoid any such further skin rashes on hands are to avoid the allergens as far as possible. In case you do come in contact with the allergens like poisonous plants, etc. make sure you wash your hands well with soap and water. If you come in frequent contact with water, chemicals, cold or friction, wear the right kind of gloves to protect your hands.

Skin Rashes on Legs

Skin rashes on legs

Majority of skin rashes on legs are nothing but inflammation of the skin. Itchy skin rashes are often annoying, discomforting and at times, even painful. A proper dermatological treatment is required to cure rashes that do not get cured on their own. A good understanding of the symptoms, types of rashes, along with their probable causes will prove to be of great help in their treatment as well as in their prevention. Let’s start with the symptoms.

Symptoms

– Appearance of red little bumps on the skin
– Burning sensation on the affected area
– A small rise in the temperature of the affected skin
– The affected area becomes dry

Different Types of Skin Rashes

❖ Atopic Dermatitis: The common causes of atopic dermatitis are mutation in the filaggrin gene, some sort of defect in the skin cells and immune system, and microbiological infection. Atopic dermatitis is characterized by severe itching and acute flare-ups. In older children, it is found to occur on the feet and ankles while in adults, it is mostly seen behind the knees.

❖ Panniculitis: Panniculitis is a type of disease that involves inflammation of the fatty layer present under the skin. It can be caused by cold temperatures, injury to the skin, and exposure of the skin to certain substances such as corticosteroids, vitamin K and morphine.

❖ Discoid Eczema: The identifying features of discoid eczema are somewhat non-itchy, round, and oval plaques. It is caused by injury to the skin that occurs due to insect bites, thermal burns and surgical wounds. The discoid eczema type skin rash may also be triggered by Staphylococcus aureus infection. It appears as a single lesion in one leg but gradually spreads as multiple lesions to both the legs, and thereafter to the body, trunk and arms.

❖ Capillaritis: The inflammation of the superficial capillaries beneath the skin is known as capillaritis. This type of rash is caused by viral infection, skin hypersensitivity reaction, standing for long periods and skin’s reaction to medicines containing salicylates. Capillaritis appears as non-blanching spots that are brownish in color.

❖ Varicose Eczema: People suffering from varicose veins commonly develop varicose eczema. Such rashes are identified as red, patchy and flaky skin, especially around the ankles. Varicose eczema is a kind of discoid inflammation in which the varicose veins of either or both the legs are affected. The best method of treatment is surgical removal of the defective veins.

❖ Contact Dermatitis: Rashes occurring due to over-exposure of the skin to bathing soaps, topical antibiotics and fragrances is known as contact dermatitis. It can also be triggered by some kind of allergy or by wearing tight socks for a long time. The identifying features are blisters that ooze out pus on itching.

❖ Gravitational Dermatitis: Gravitational dermatitis is a type of skin rash on legs that results due to valvular damage in leg veins, deep venous thrombosis and cellulitis. You will find formation of red blisters that ooze, crust and crack.

❖ Psoriasis: Presence of symmetrical, scaly, red-colored plaques indicate a type of skin rash called psoriasis. It is caused by a defect in the immune system. Under normal conditions, T-lymphocytes (a type of white blood cells) fight against foreign substances such as viruses or bacteria to help in the healing of the wound. However, if it is psoriasis, then the T-lymphocytes act on healthy skin cells as if to fight an infection. Factors that may trigger psoriasis are heavy consumption of alcohol, smoking, stress, and cold weather.

❖ Prurigo Nodularis: The skin rashes that include nodules up to 3 cm in diameter, which are extremely itchy and do not heal fast are known as prurigo nodularis. They mostly occur on the lower regions of the legs. The exact medical reason behind the occurrence of prurigo nodularis is unknown. However, majority of the patients suffering from atopic dermatitis, asthma or hay fever tend to develop such rashes on legs. It generally commences as an insect bite reaction or some other form of dermatitis. It is also associated with some diseases such as anemia, renal failure, HIV infection and gluten enteropathy.

❖ Lichen simplex: It is a skin condition which is commonly found on the neck, shoulder, ankle and lower leg, and can be a result of constant rubbing or scratching. It may be caused due to insect bites, stress or a nervous habit. They can be seen as a group of small itchy bumps. The skin may darken or get paler than the surrounding skin.

❖ Other Common Types

– Prurigo nodularis
– Tinea corporis
– Folliculitis
– Skin cancers
– Pretibial myxoedema
– Vasculitis

Home Remedies for Skin Rashes

– Apply olive oil to the skin rashes to get fast relief.
– Spread cod liver oil mixed with vitamin E supplements on the rashes.
– You can also apply aloe vera gel on the affected skin. It reduces itching to a great extent.
– Cover the affected area with baking powder.
– Keep the legs clean and dry. Use chamomile tea for cleaning the leg skin.
– Add 2-3 cups of uncooked oatmeal to the bathing water. Bathing with this water relieves irritation.